25 Facts about Maharana Pratap - Life History of Maharana Pratap

25 Facts about Maharana Pratap - Life History of Maharana Pratap, it tells about some unheard information related to the life of Maharana Pratap.


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Everyone can live the life of slavery, but the one who sacrifices his pleasures and lives a life of struggle is called Maharana Pratap.

Whenever there is talk of self-respect with renunciation and sacrifice, Maharana Pratap is mentioned first.

When people go to Haldighati, they do not forget to apply the soil there on their forehead. Tourists coming from India and abroad take this soil with them.

Today we are going to know some such important aspects related to the life of Veer Shiromani Maharana Pratap, due to which we will be able to understand the life of Maharana Pratap.

So let's get started.

1. Maharana Pratap was born on May 9, 1540 i.e. Vikram Samvat 1597, on the day of Jyestha Shukla Tritiya, in the fort of Kumbhalgarh.

Even today you can see the birthplace of Maharana Pratap in the fort of Kumbhalgarh. This birthplace is in the palace of Jhali Rani, near Badal Mahal.

2. Maharana Uday Singh had 25 sons and 20 daughters, of whom Kunwar Pratap was the eldest son. Pratap's mother's name was Jaywanta Bai (Jeevant Kanwar). Jaywanta Bai was the daughter of Akheraj Songara.

3. After the birth of Pratap in 1540, the fortunes of Maharana Uday Singh started to rise. At the time of Pratap's birth, Maharana Udai Singh had captured Chittor by defeating Banveer.

4. Kunwar Pratap's childhood was spent in both Chittorgarh and Kumbhalgarh. There was a time in his childhood when Kunwar Pratap had to live with his mother in the foothills under the Chittor fort due to the conspiracy of another queen of Udai Singh, Dheer Bai Bhatiani.

5. There is a stepwell built near Padanpole of the fort which is called Jhalibav. It was built by Maharana Udai Singh's queen i.e. probably Kunwar Pratap's mother. Maharana Pratap lived here for some time in his childhood.

6. Kunwar Pratap remained very close to his mother since birth, so his initial teacher was his mother Jaywanta Bai. He also gave Kunwar Pratap the initial education of horse riding, war skills as well as administrative skills.

7. Maharana Pratap's childhood was spent in the Bhil community. Children in Bhil community are called as Kika, hence Maharana Pratap was also called as Kika in his childhood.

8. In his youth, Kunwar Pratap had shown his military strategy and war skills by taking over Vagad and Godwad region.

It is said about Maharana Pratap that he used to fight in the war by lifting more than 200 kg. The weight of his spear was 81 kg and the weight of the armor was 72 kg.

Apart from spear and armour, they also had two swords, shield, dagger etc. All these weapons of Maharana Pratap are still kept in the City Palace Museum of Udaipur.

According to the City Palace Museum, the total weight of Maharana Pratap's spear, swords and other weapons including armour, is 35 kg.

According to this, the weight of Maharana Pratap's spear was about 3 kg, the weight of one of the two swords was about 2.25 kg and the other was 2 kg, the weight of the armor was about 16.25 kg, the weight of the shield was about 2.5 kg.

9. Maharana Udai Singh had left Chittor with his family and came to Gogunda when Mughal Emperor Akbar took over Chittor in 1568 AD.

10. On 28 February 1572 i.e. Vikram Samvat 1629, Falgun Shukla Purnima, on the day of Holi, Maharana Pratap was coronated at Mahadev Bawdi in Gogunda after the death of Maharana Uday Singh.

11. Some time after the coronation in Gogunda, the coronation ceremony of Maharana Pratap was celebrated in Kumbhalgarh according to the royal tradition. Thus Maharana Pratap was crowned twice.

12. When Akbar sent a proposal to Maharana Pratap to accept his submission, Maharana Pratap refused, which resulted in the Battle of Haldighati.

13. The Battle of Haldighati took place on 18 June 1576 AD between the Mewari army led by Maharana Pratap and the Mughal army led by Man Singh at a place called Haldighati near Khamnaur village.

14. Thousands of soldiers on both sides were killed in the Battle of Haldighati. The battle ground was filled with blood, due to which the battle ground of Haldighati is known as Rakta Talai.


15. In the Battle of Haldighati, Maharana Pratap's favorite horse Chetak died after crossing a 22-feet drain along with Maharana Pratap in one jump. Maharana Pratap was very sad on the death of Chetak.

16. Abul Fazl called the Battle of Haldighati the Battle of Khamnor, Badayuni the Battle of Gogunda and Colonel James Tod called it the Battle of Haldighati. Colonel James Tod has called Haldighati as Thermopalli of Mewar.

17. After the Battle of Haldighati, there was a continuous struggle between Maharana Pratap and Akbar's Mughal army. Maharana Pratap continued to fight them with his guerilla warfare policy.

18. Maharana Pratap had made many places around Jawar, Kamal Nath and Gogunda. Of these places, Myra's cave near Gogunda is famous as the armory of Maharana Pratap.

19. During the days of struggle with Akbar, Maharana Pratap had to live in the jungle. It is said that in the forest his family had to eat bread made of grass.

20. On the day of Vijayadashami in 1582 AD, the Battle of Diver took place between Maharana Pratap and the army of Sultan Khan, the head of the Mughal police station of Diver.

21. It is said that in this war, Maharana Pratap had torn Bahlol Khan along with his horse with a single stroke of the sword. Colonel Tod has called this war the Marathon of Mewar.

22. After the Battle of Diver, Maharana Pratap made Chawand his third capital by taking over the hilly region of Chappan till 1585 AD. Before Chavand, both Gogunda and Kumbhalgarh were centers of power of Mewar.

23. Maharana Pratap spent the last 12 years of his life in Chavand. There was no war in these 12 years due to which art and literature flourished.

24. Magh Shukla Ekadashi Vikram Samvat 1653 i.e. 19 January 1597 AD Maharana Pratap died due to injury in Chavand.

25. Maharana Pratap was cremated in the middle of Kejad lake at the confluence of three rivers in Bandoli village, about two kilometers from Chavand.

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Writer

Ramesh Sharma {M Pharm, MSc (Computer Science), PGDCA, MA (History), CHMS}

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The information given in this article for educational purposes has been taken from various online and offline sources whose accuracy and reliability are not guaranteed.

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