Gogunda Palace - Maharana Pratap sat on the throne in this palace

Gogunda Palace - Maharana Pratap sat on the throne in this palace, it tells about the Gogunda Palace in Udaipur with its historical background.

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Today we are going to tell you about the place where Maharana Udai Singh stayed with his family after leaving the fort of Chittor during Akbar's attack.

This is the place where Maharana Udai Singh died and it is at this place that Kunwar Pratap ascended the throne of Mewar and was called Maharana Pratap.

It was at this place that the Mughal-Mewar Treaty was signed between Maharana Amar Singh and Mughal Emperor Jahangir on 5 February 1615.

This place is the palace of Gogunda which was sometimes occupied by the Rathores of Idar, sometimes by the Sisodis of Mewar and sometimes by the Jhala Rajranas.

Today we know about this palace of Gogunda which is now known as Gogunda Palace. So let's get started.

History of Gogunda Mahal

Gogunda Mahal is also called Idariya Mahal because the construction of this palace was started in the thirteenth century by the Rathore dynasty of Idar located in present-day Gujarat.

The rulers of Idar had established this palace as a police station to control the trading activities. At that time the kings of Eder used this castle as their last outpost in the north.

You should know that before Maharana Udai Singh, this area of Gogunda was Khalsa area in Mewar state. The Khalsa region was the central area between the periphery of the border territories over which the ruler had direct control.

In the 14th century, Maharana Hammir Singh Sisodia of Chittor had conquered the state up to Idar. After this, his son Maharana Kheta also maintained his hold on Idar.

Seeing the commercial importance of Gogunda, Maharana Kheta also captured Gogunda. In this way the state from Gogunda to Idar came under the control of Maharana Kheta.

Maharana Kheta renovated this Idaria palace located in Gogunda and constructed a dome building for the residence of the ruler. Gumbad Bhawan was a manorial palace which is the oldest part of the present palace.

The Gumbad Bhawan, i.e. the king's palace, had five inner courts which underwent changes over time. This palace is a fine example of medieval Rajput style.

Maharana Kheta constructed a pond near the palace which is called Khetla Pond after his name. He also constructed a temple on the banks of this pond.

He also constructed a temple of Mahadev in Gogunda and a stepwell near it. Later, the coronation of Maharana Pratap took place at this stepwell.

After the death of Maharana Kheta, he was cremated near the Khetla pond and a cenotaph was constructed. This cenotaph is still present on the banks of the pond.

After Maharana Kheta, his grandson i.e. Maharana Mokal, son of Maharana Lakha, renovated the Gogunda Mahal and also constructed the Ranerao Pond near the Khetla Pond.

After Maharana Mokal, his son Maharana Kumbha also got the Gogunda Mahal renovated. Kumbha built the Vishnu temple of Gogunda and Geet Govind Aakhyayika, a book describing Vaishnav devotion in pictorial form.

After major dramatic events in Mewar, Maharana Udai Singh, son of Maharana Sanga, took over the throne of Chittor by defeating Banveer in 1540 AD.

When Akbar attacked Chittor in 1567-68, Maharana Udai Singh abandoned Chittor and made Gogunda his capital.

Maharana Udai Singh stayed in this Idaria palace in Gogunda and from here he also handled the construction work of Udaipur.

Maharana Udai Singh built the north-western part of this palace, which was later made the Jhala Rajranas their residence.

When Maharana Udai Singh died in this palace in 1572 AD, his cremation took place on the banks of Ranerao Pond and a cenotaph was built. Recently this cenotaph has been renovated.

After Maharana Udai Singh, Maharana Pratap ascended the throne in this palace and was able to stay in this palace for almost four years.

After the battle of Haldighati in 1576 AD, Maharana Pratap left Gogunda and went to the mountains of Kamalnath Mahadev. He had left some soldiers in Gogunda to protect the palace.

After the battle of Haldighati, these soldiers were killed while fighting with the Mughal army which came in search of Maharana Pratap. Among these soldiers there were soldiers of both Hindu and Muslim religions.

These soldiers are worshiped as a folk deity at the place where they were killed in the palace. Even today those places are present in the palace.

In fact, at the time of war and invasion, the soldiers who were martyred were made mausoleums at that place and installed as folk deities as protectors of that area.

In the local language, the tombs of Muslim soldiers were called Pir Bavji and the tombs of Rajput soldiers were called Radaji or Sagarji Bavji. Even today you can see these places at many places in Mewar.

Inside the Gogunda Mahal, there are three shrines of Pir Bavji and one of Rada Ji which now exist only symbolically in the form of windows.

The first mausoleum inside the palace is inside the room in the Gumbad building, the second mausoleum is inside the wall of the verandah after descending the stairs of the Gumbad building, the third mausoleum is located in the wall of the verandah near the storeroom and armoury.

Along with these, there is a place for Rada ji in the form of a window in the wall on the left side of the main door of palace. There is also a Shiva temple near this place.

The Mughal-Mewar treaty was signed on 5 February 1615 at a place called Amarpasi in the palace of Gogunda itself, in which Prince Khurram was present in the palace on behalf of the Mughals.

Present Condition of Gogunda Palace

Now Gogunda Mahal has taken the form of a heritage hotel due to which many changes have taken place in it. It is not possible for a common tourist to see it.

History of Jhala Rajranas of Gogunda

The history of Jhalas in Mewar begins with brothers named Jhala Ajja and Jhala Sajja. Both of them belonged to the Halvad royal family of Gujarat. Their sister was married to Maharana Raimal of Mewar.

Due to family dispute, Ajja and Sajja left Halvad and went to Marwar in 1500 AD where Rao Soja gave them jagir. Because of them this estate was called Jhalamand.

Due to some dispute with Rao Soja, both of them came to their brother-in-law, Maharana Raimal of Mewar in 1506 AD, who gave the jagir of Jhala Ajja near Ajmer and Jhala Sajja of Delwara.

Jhala Ajja and his brother Jhala Sajja, who sacrificed their lives in the battle of Khanwa while fighting on behalf of Maharana Sanga against Babar, were given the title of Rajrana.

With this, Jhala Ajja and his descendants got the jagir of Ajmer, Jhadol, Bichhiwara, Kanod and Sadri.

During the time of Maharana Amar Singh, in 1614 AD, Shatrushal Jhala of Delwara died while attacking the Mughal police station of Gogunda on the banks of Rawaliya pond where his cenotaph remains.

After the death of Shatrushal, pleased with his bravery, Maharana Amar Singh gave the jagir of Rawaliya (Ravalya), about 5 kilometers from Gogunda, to his descendants.

Shatrushal's second son Kanh Singh ascended the throne of Rawaliya. Thus, the third base of Jhalas was formed in Mewar which emerged from the Jhala dynasty of Delwara.

In 1628 AD, Kanh Singh attacked Idaria police station in Gogunda and captured it. After Kanh Singh captured Gogunda, Maharana Jagat Singh gave the lease of Gogunda to Kanh Singh.

After the establishment of Gogunda base, Rajrana Kanh Singh shifted his capital from Rawaliya to Gogunda and resided with his family in the palace of Gogunda.

Places to visit near Gogunda Palace

If we talk about the places to visit near Gogunda Mahal, then near the palace you can see the coronation place of Maharana Pratap, Chhatri of Maharana Udai Singh, Ranerao Pond, Dholiya Ji etc.

How to reach Gogunda Palace?

Now let's talk about how to come if you want to come to Gogunda Mahal.

Gogunda Palace is situated inside Gogunda town. The distance of Gogunda Mahal from Udaipur Railway Station is approximately 42 kilometers.

There is a national highway from Udaipur to Gogunda. You can come by car or bike. There is no train facility to reach here.

That's all for today, we hope you liked the information given by us. Please share your opinion by commenting.

Stay with us for new information like this. See you again soon with new information, till then thanks and regards.

Map Location of Gogunda Palace

Images of Gogunda Palace

Gogunda Palace Maharana Pratap sat on the throne in this palace


Ramesh Sharma {M Pharm, MSc (Computer Science), PGDCA, MA (History), CHMS}

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