Historical Gates and City Wall of Udaipur - These gates and wall protected Udaipur

Historical Gates and City Wall of Udaipur - These gates and wall protected Udaipur, it tells about the city wall and historical gates of Udaipur City.

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Along with natural beauty, many historical heritages are also scattered in the city of Udaipur. The Maharanas here had built a wall around the city for its protection.

A total of 12 doors were built inside this wall, out of which all except one are still present.

After Udaipur became a smart city, these walls and gates have been renovated and kept in their old form.

Today we know about the history of the walls and gates of Udaipur by looking closely at them. Let's start.

City Wall of Udaipur

To keep the city of Udaipur safe, a security wall i.e. a wall was built around it which was called Shaharkot, Nagarkot or Shahar Panah.

This security wall, built during the times of different Maharanas, is still present in safe condition at many places.

Starting from Jal Burj near Pichola Lake in front of the City Palace, this wall extends over Machhala Magra via Rampol, Ekling Garh, Kishanpol, Udiyapol, Surajpol, Dehli Gate, Hathi Pol, Chandpol, Ambapol, Brahmapol and Sattapol and back to City. It ends at Palace.

Till 1950 AD, there used to be a deep moat in front of the wall from Kishanpol to Udayapol, Surajpol, Dehli Gate to Hathipol, which was filled with water flowing from the seepage of lakes.

Later this gap was bridged to develop markets like Bapu Bazaar, Ashwini Bazaar along with Udayapole and Surajpole.

History of City Wall of Udaipur

Udaipur was established by Maharana Udai Singh on the day of Akshaya Tritiya in 1553 AD but he could not get enough time for its development.

For the security of Udaipur, between 1620 and 1628 AD, Maharana Karan Singh started building a security wall from Machhala Magra mountain.

The length of this wall was 6 kilometers and there were 7 doors. To strengthen the wall, circular towers were also built at many places.

The width of the city coat was kept at about 10 feet so that elephants and cannon etc. could be easily transported on it.

A ramp like place was also built along with the stairs at the city wall. Besides, small windows were also made in it for firing guns and arrows.

Maharana Karan Singh also built a temple of Karni Mata along with a fort named Ekling Garh on Machhala Magra.

The construction work of the fort started by Maharana Karan Singh was carried forward to a great extent by Maharana Sangram Singh II (1710–34).

Later, the entire construction of this fort was done by his Prime Minister Amarchand Barwa during the time of Maharana Ari Singh II (1762-1772).

Mewar Prime Minister Amarchand Barwa started placing some cannons on the city fort for the defense of Udaipur city.

Jagat Shobha or Lodchi cannon was placed on the turret of Shaharkot in front of the railway station, Jai Amba cannon was placed on the Hathi pole and Mast Baan cannon was placed on the Surajpole.

The worship of Jagat Shobha Top, started by Amarchand Barwa, is still performed regularly. Now this cannon is worshiped in the name of Topmata.

At the time of Maratha invasion in 1769 AD, Mewar's Prime Minister Amarchand Barwa built an artillery on the Ekling fort of Machhala Magra and installed a big cannon named Dushman Bhanjak on it.

This cannon was the biggest cannon of Udaipur, from which when fired, it used to hit the door of Debari, 15 kilometers away.

In this war with the Marathas, Kunwar Bagh Singh, son of Maharana Sangram Singh II, along with his Arabic Muslim soldiers, took command of the enemy destroyer cannon at Ekling Garh.

Even today, in a part of Ekling Garh, there is a Dargah built in the memory of the gunner who fired this cannon, which is called the Dargah of Toppwale Baba.

It is said that Udaipur was saved from the Maratha attack of 1769 AD only because of Jagat Shobha and Dushman Bhanjak cannons.

Doors of Udaipur

After Shaharkot, now let us talk about the pols i.e. the entrance gates of Udaipur. A total of 12 gates were constructed at different times in the city of Udaipur.

Now out of these 12 doors, 11 doors exist. Only one gate named Dandapol no longer exists.

Among the gates of Udaipur, 4 gates named Kishanpol, Surajpol, Delhi Gate and Hathipol were called Singh Gate.

Singh gates were very strong in which two doors were connected to each other i.e. they were entrance gates with two doors.

These two doors were at an angle of 90 degrees to each other so that they could not be broken by the collision of elephants and wood. Now, among these doors, only Kishanpol and Hathipol doors are left in their original condition.

Now let us talk about these 12 doors in serial wise manner.

1. Hanuman Pol (Jal Burj)

First of all let us talk about Hanuman Pol. This gate is on the Jungle Safari Road on the south-eastern shore of Lake Pichola.

This door is better known as Jal Burj. The city center of Machhala Magra starts from this gate itself.

2. Rampol (Ramaniya Pol)

After Jal Burj we talk about Rampol. This gate is built on the western slope of Machhala Magra mountain. To reach this door one has to climb the city wall.

3. Kishanpol (Krishna Pol)

After Rampol, we talk about Kishanpol. This door was the entrance to the main road coming from the south direction to the east of Machhala Magra.

The wall of Shaharkot descending from Machhala Magra meets this door.

4. Udiyapol (Kamaliya Pol)

After Kishanpol we talk about Udiyapol. This door is located in front of the roadways bus stand.

Earlier this gate was known as Kamaliya Pol, which was changed by Maharana Sajjan Singh to Udiyapol in the name of Maharana Udai Singh.

5. Surajpol

After Udiyapol we talk about Surajpol. This door is situated near Fateh Memorial ahead of Udiyapol. This door was named Surajpol because of the first rays of the sun.

It is said that during the British rule, this door was called Firangi Darwaza because the memorial of Curzon Wyllie was built here.

The road leading to Chittor starts from this gate, hence in old times it was the entrance of the main road coming from the east i.e. from Chittor.

6. Delhi Gate (Dilli Darwaja)

After Surajpol, we talk about Delhi Gate. This door was the entrance to the main road coming from the north direction. Because it was in the direction of Delhi, this door was called Delhi Door.

The Maharanas of Mewar never enslaved the kings of Delhi. They believed that they had to go in this direction only after their death.

Therefore, they also got their crematorium built in Ayad in this direction so that they could go in this direction only after death. The Maharanas of Mewar were taken to the crematorium through this door after their death.

7. Dandpol (Desh Nikala or Nirvasan Darwaja)

After Delhi Gate we talk about Dandpol. It was a small gate which was between Delhi Gate and Hathipole.

If someone was deported as a punishment, this door was used. Because it was used for giving punishment, it was called Dandpol.

This door is no longer present among the 12 doors of Udaipur because this door has been destroyed along with the city wall of this area.

8. Hathipol

After Dandapol we talk about Hathipol. This door was the entrance to the routes coming from the north and west. Elephants were kept near this door, hence it came to be called Hathipol.

This door was the most useful door because this door was used to go to Eklingji.

9. Chandpol

After Hathipol, we talk about Chandpol. This gate is situated ahead of Sattapol on the banks of Lake Pichola near Gangaur Ghat in the western direction of the city.

This door was named Chandpol because of the first ray of the moon. The moon could be seen from this pole.

From the bridge built at this gate, you can go towards Ambapol and Brahmapol in your vehicle. Even if you want to go towards Sajjangarh, you will have to go through Chandpol.

10 Sattapol (Sitapol)

After Chandpol, we talk about Sattapol. This door is built before Chandpol on the banks of Lake Pichola near Gangaur Ghat in the western direction of the city.

You can walk towards Amrai Ghat from the foot bridge named Daiji bridge at this gate.

11. Ambapol

After Sattapol we talk about Ambapol. This door is situated to the east of Ambamata temple, west of Chandpol.

There is a bridge in front of this door for the movement of vehicles which connects it to Parshu Ghat.

The water filled on one side of this bridge between Ambapol and Brahmpol is called Kumhariya Pond. Amarkund is built in this part.

Swaroop Sagar Lake is situated on the other side of this bridge. There is also a bridge built in this lake which diverts the traffic coming from Chandpol and Hathipol towards Fatehsagar and Rani Road.

12. Brahmpol

After Ambapol we talk about Brahmapol. This door is situated further west from Ambapol.

This gate is the western gate of the city, in front of which a bridge is built. Vehicles going towards Sajjangarh coming from Chandpol pass through this gate and cross the bridge. The water filled from this gate to Ambapol is called Kumhariya Pond.

That's all for today, we hope you liked the information given by us. Please share your opinion by commenting.

Stay with us for such new information. See you again soon with new information, till then thanks, regards.

Map Location of Gates of Udaipur

Images of Gates of Udaipur

Historical Gates and City Wall of Udaipur These gates and wall protected Udaipur


Ramesh Sharma {M Pharm, MSc (Computer Science), PGDCA, MA (History), CHMS}

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