Battle of Haldighati - How the Battle of Haldighati took place?

Battle of Haldighati - How the Battle of Haldighati took place? - it tells about the events of Haldighati battle along with the tourist places.


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Whenever Maharana Pratap's name is taken, Haldighati is definitely mentioned. This is the land on which a battle took place between the forces of Maharana Pratap and the Mughal Emperor Akbar on 18 June 1576.

This war lasted only for five-six hours but left such a mark in the history of India that after reading and listening to it, the mind is filled with reverence for the warriors who sacrificed their lives for the freedom.

This is the land in which along with its pride and glory, the blood of those who were martyred for the freedom of the motherland is mixed. This soil, a symbol of bravery, is taken outside India to Israel.

The importance of the Battle of Haldighati can be understood from the fact that the famous British historian Colonel James Todd compared it with the Battle of Thermopoly of Greece and called it the Thermopile of Mewar.

Among the major tourist places here, the battle site Rakta Talai, Shahi Baug, the original pass of Haldighati, Pratap Cave, Chetak Nala, Chetak Samadhi and Maharana Pratap Memorial are prominent.

Today we understand in details the developments that took place in Haldighati as well as all the historical and tourist places of the region.

Haldighati area is spread over about five to six kilometers, every part of which tells the story of the bravery of Maharana Pratap and his martyred commanders.

This area extends from Rakt Talai located in Khamnaur village to the Samadhi of Maharana Pratap's horse Chetak located in Balicha village.

If we talk about location, the distance from Udaipur to Haldighati is about 45 kilometers.

This place is called Haldighati because the color of the soil found in the rocks and valleys here is yellow like turmeric. Haldighati is also called Rati Valley.

At present, the road which tourists consider as Haldighati Pass is in reality not the original pass. This road was built later by cutting the mountain to maintain the original pass in its historical form.

The original pass is located next to the road a little further towards Balicha, which has a walking path. There is also a board indicating the beginning of the pass here.


This pass is an ancient route which connected Khamnaur to Balicha village and further to Udaipur. The width of this pass passing through the deserted valleys is not much.

From the tourism point of view, the Original Pass is quite neglected for two reasons. Firstly, tourists do not know about it and secondly, those who know do not go there due to fear of wild animals.

Now we will understand the events of Haldighati along with the tourist places in a sequential manner.

As we know that Mughal Emperor Akbar had sent a proposal to the ruler of Mewar, Maharana Pratap, to accept his subordination, which was rejected by Maharana Pratap.

As a result, Akbar sent his army under the leadership of Raja Mansingh of Amer to capture Mewar.

The place where Akbar's army reached Haldighati area and camped is known as Badshah Bagh or Shahi Bagh.

Akbar's royal army stayed at this place for many days which can be felt by roaming in this garden.

On the other hand, Maharana Pratap's army was standing in the old pass of Haldighati along with the hills towards Balicha village.

There is a cave here which is called Pratap Cave. It is said that Maharana Pratap along with his chieftains used to plan the battle strategy of Haldighati in this cave.

It is worth noting that Maharana Pratap's tribal army was adept in guerrilla warfare, hence they chose this narrow pass in the inaccessible hills of Haldighati for the war.

In the hills of this pass, Maharana Pratap's soldiers started waiting for the Mughal army with their decided strategy. On the day of the battle, the emperor's army reached near Haldighati to cross the pass.

As soon as the Mughal soldiers started entering the pass, Pratap's army attacked them. The attack was so fierce that the Mughal army retreated and reached a place called Rakt Talai located near the Banas river in Khamnaur.

Pratap's army, chasing them, also came out of the pass and came here. Due to Maharana Pratap's army being much less in number than the Mughal army and having to fight on a flat plain after coming out of the pass, the Mughals started gaining the upper hand in the war.

In the war, Maharana Pratap was fighting on a horse named Chetak and Mughal commander Mansingh was fighting on an elephant. Suddenly Maharana Pratap's horse Chetak jumped on Mansingh's elephant and Maharana Pratap attacked Mansingh.

Mansingh survived but one of Chetak's legs was badly injured due to the sword tied to the elephant's trunk. When Maharana Pratap was badly injured, Pratap's other commanders sent Pratap out of the battlefield.

Due to Jhala Maan's stature being similar to that of Maharana Pratap, he fought wearing the insignia of Maharana Pratap so that the Mughal army could feel the presence of Pratap.

Chetak horse brought his master Maharana Pratap on three legs towards Balicha in front of the pass. Here he jumped and crossed a 22 feet wide drain and after a short distance he died.

The 22 feet wide drain which Chetak crossed is known as Chetak Naala. Water keeps flowing here during the rainy season.

Chetak's mausoleum is built at the place where Chetak died. This Samadhi is a living example of the emotional relationship between humans and animals.

There is a memorial of Maharana Pratap on the nearby hill and here there is a statue of Maharana Pratap sitting on Chetak. Along with Maharana Pratap, his horse Chetak as well as his elephant Ramprasad are also named.

In this war, Maharana Pratap's elephant Ramprasad had single-handedly killed 13 elephants. After the war, he was captured and taken to Akbar where he committed suicide by not eating anything for 18 days.

It is said that after this incident, Akbar said in frustration that how will I be able to bow down to Maharana Pratap whose elephant could not bow down in front of me.

It is said that so many soldiers from both sides were killed in the war that their blood formed a red pond near the battlefield on the banks of Banas, hence this place is called Rakt Talai.

Rakt Talai means a small pond filled with blood. Presently this place has been converted into a garden.

Here, chhatris are built in the memory of some of the generals of Maharana Pratap who sacrificed their lives in the war, among which the chhatris of Jhala Man Singh, Ramshah Tanwar of Gwalior and his three sons Shalivahan Singh, Bhawani Singh and Pratap Singh etc. are prominent.

Here in Rakt Talai, near the Chhatri of Jhala Man Singh, the tomb of Maharana Pratap's commander Hakim Khan Sur is built. Hakim Khan Sur was martyred at this place.

It is said that he did not leave his sword even after his death and he was buried with his sword.

Analyzing the battle of Haldighati, a special thing emerges that in this war, the commander of Akbar's army was Hindu Mansingh and the commander of Pratap's army was Muslim Hakim Khan Sur.

Today most of the historical sites of Haldighati are neglected. There should be arrangements for the protection of these glorious places.

If you want to experience Maharana Pratap closely, then you must go to pay homage to the turmeric-like soil of this brave land once in your life.

Map Location of Haldighati Battle Ground



Photos of Battle of Haldighati


Battle of Haldighati 1

Writer

Ramesh Sharma {M Pharm, MSc (Computer Science), PGDCA, MA (History), CHMS}

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The information given in this article for educational purposes has been taken from various online and offline sources whose accuracy and reliability are not guaranteed.

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